Today in History – March 17

432 – Saint Patrick, aged about 16 was captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and was taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date)

1756 – St. Patrick’s Day was first celebrated in New York City at the Crown & Thistle Tavern

1762 – First St Patrick’s Day parade in New York City

1845 – Bristol man Henry Jones patented self-raising flour

1845 – Rubber band was patented by Stephen Perry of London

1886 – Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed

1898 – John Philip Holland achieved successful test run for the first modern submarine off Staten Island, submerging for 1 hour 40 minutes

1901 – At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings caused a sensation, 11 years after his death

1905 – Albert Einstein finished his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics

1957 – Dutch ban on Sunday driving was lifted

1965 – Beatles announced their film would be named “8 Arms to Hold on to You.”  The film was eventually entitled “Help.”

1968 – Bee Gees made their US TV debut on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” They performed “To Love Somebody” and “Words.”

1972 – Ringo Starr released “Back off Bugaloo” in UK