Today in History – June 4

1783 – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrated their montgolfière (hot air balloon).

1784 – Élisabeth Thible became the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon. Her flight covered four kilometres in 45 minutes, and reached 1,500 metres altitude (estimated).

1812 – Following Louisiana’s admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory.

1855 – Major Henry C. Wayne departed New York aboard the USS Supply to procure camels to establish the U.S. Camel Corps.

1876 – An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrived in San Francisco, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.

1896 – Henry Ford completed the Ford Quadricycle, his first gasoline-powered automobile, and gave it a successful test run.

1912 – Massachusetts became the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.

1913 – Emily Davison, a suffragette, ran out in front of King George V’s horse at The Derby. She was trampled, never regained consciousness, and died four days later.

1919 – Women’s rights: The U.S. Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed suffrage to women, and sent it to the U.S. states for ratification.

1940 – World War II: The Dunkirk evacuation ended: British forces completed evacuation of 338,000 troops from Dunkirk in France. To rally the morale of the country, Winston Churchill delivered, only to the House of Commons, his famous “We shall fight on the beaches” speech.

1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway began. The Japanese Admiral Chūichi Nagumo ordered a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

1964 – Beatles “World Tour” began in Copenhagen Denmark.

1969 – A 22-year-old man snuck into wheel pod of a jet parked in Havana and survived 9-hr flight to Spain despite thin oxygen levels at 29,000 ft.

1973 – A patent for the ATM was granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.

1982 – “Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan,” was released in USA.

1983 – Gordon Kahl, who killed two US Marshals in Medina, North Dakota on February 13, was killed in a shootout in Smithville, Arkansas, along with a local sheriff, after a four-month manhunt.

1984 – “Born in the USA” 7th studio album by Bruce Springsteen was released.

1989 – The Tiananmen Square protests were suppressed in Beijing by the People’s Liberation Army.

1998 – Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

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