Today in History – July 23

1829 – In the United States, William Austin Burt patented the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.

1885 – President Ulysses S. Grant died of throat cancer.

1903 – The Ford Motor Company sold its first car.

1926 – Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.

1962 – Telstar relayed the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, which featured Walter Cronkite.

1962 – Jackie Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

1965 – The Beatles’ single “Help” was released in the UK.

1966 – Napoleon XIV released “They’re Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!”

1966 – Frank Sinatra’s album “Strangers In The Night” was No. 1 on the US charts, (Grammy for Record Of The Year and Best Male Vocal Performance).

1973 – US President Richard Nixon refused to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation.

1976 – The band Wings release “Let ’em In”

1982 – Outside Santa Clarita, California, actor Vic Morrow and two children were killed when a helicopter crashed onto them while shooting a scene from Twilight Zone: The Movie.

1984 – Vanessa Williams, first African American Miss America, resigned after Penthouse published unauthorized nude photos of her.

1994 – Dancer and actor Gene Kelly suffered a mild stroke.

1995 – Comet Hale–Bopp was discovered; it became visible to the naked eye on Earth nearly a year later.

2010 – English-Irish boy band One Direction was formed by judge Simon Cowell on The X Factor (British series 7).  They finished at third place.  One Direction would go on to become one of the biggest boy bands in the world, and would be very influential on pop music of the 2010s.

2015 – Supreme Court rejected Bill Cosby’s petition against a civil case of his alleged sexual assault of 15-year-old girl at the Playboy Mansion in 1974.

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