Today in History – October 1

1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.

1861 – Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management, an extensive guide to running a household in Victorian Britain, was published.  It sold 60,000 copies in its first year and has never been out of print.

1868 – “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott was published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston.

1888 – National Geographic magazine published for the first time.

1890 – Yosemite National Park was established by the U.S. Congress.

1893 – The third worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi).

1907 – A downturn in the stock market led to a run on the dollar; US President Theodore Roosevelt was forced to call on financier J. P. Morgan to help manage the financial crisis.

1908 – Ford Model T automobiles were offered for sale at a price of $825.

1910 – At 1:07 a.m., a large bomb destroyed the Los Angeles Times building which killed at least 21 people and injured over 100.

1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (“Lawrence of Arabia”) captured Damascus.

1926 – Oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye.  He used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.

1931 – The George Washington Bridge, which linked New Jersey and New York, was opened.

1939 – Winston Churchill called Russia a “riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.”

1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opened to traffic.

1942 – Little Golden Books (children’s books) began publishing.

1946 – Nazi leaders were sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.

1949 – The People’s Republic of China was established.

1955 – Jackie Gleason’s sitcom “The Honeymooners” debuted on CBS.

1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.

1958 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics was replaced by NASA.

1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency was formed and became the country’s first centralized military intelligence organization.

1961 – The Beach Boys recorded their debut single “Surfin”, which introduced a new musical style.

1962 – Brian Epstein signed a contract to manage The Beatles through 1977.

1962 – Johnny Carson hosted his first “The Tonight Show”; guests included Rudy Vallée, Tony Bennett, Mel Brooks, and Joan Crawford.

1962 – “The Lucy Show” premiered on CBS.

1964 – The Free Speech Movement was launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.

1967 – Richard Petty continued his phenomenal NASCAR winning streak by taking the Wilkes 400 at North Wilkesboro Speedway in an unprecedented 10th consecutive victory.

1968 – Cult zombie film “Night of the Living Dead” directed by George A. Romero, starring Duane Jones and Judith O’Dea, premiered in Pittsburgh.

1969 – Concorde broke the sound barrier for the first time.

1970 – 63 people were arrested in a riot to buy Rolling Stone tickets in Milan, Italy.

1971 – Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida.

1971 – The first practical CT scanner was used to diagnose a patient.

1974 – “The Texas Chain Saw Massacre” horror film premiered in director Tobe Hooper’s hometown, Austin, Texas.

1975 – Muhammad Ali defeated Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.

1982 – Epcot opened at Walt Disney World in Florida.

1982 – Marvin Gaye released his last studio album “Midnight Love” featuring the hit single “Sexual Healing.”

1982 – Sony and Phillips launched the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.

1989 – Denmark introduced the world’s first legal same-sex registered partnerships.

2017 – Fifty-eight people were killed and 869 others injured in a mass shooting at a country music festival at the Las Vegas Strip in the United States; the gunman later committed suicide.

2017 – Former NFL star O.J. Simpson was released from Nevada’s Lovelock Prison after less than 9 years of detention of his 33 year sentence for armed robbery and kidnapping.

2019 – A law which allowed teachers to carry guns in schools went into effect in Florida.

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