Today in History – October 8

1645 – Jeanne Mance opened the first lay hospital in North America.

1775 – Officers decided to bar slaves and free blacks from serving in the Continental Army.

1829 – Stephenson’s Rocket won the Rainhill Trials.  Of the five locomotives in the competition, only Stephenson’s Rocket completed the trials and won by default.

1871 – Slash-and-burn land management, months of drought, and the passage of a strong cold front caused the Peshtigo Fire, the Great Chicago Fire and the Great Michigan Fires to break out.

1918 – World War I: Corporal Alvin C. York, also known as Sergeant York, killed 28 German soldiers and captured 132 for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

1921 – KDKA in Pittsburgh’s Forbes Field conducted the first live broadcast of a football game.

1927 – “The Second Hundred Years”, a silent short film, was released which starred Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy.  It was the first Laurel and Hardy film with them appearing as a team.

1934 – Bruno Hauptmann was indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh’s son.

1942 – Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launched their weekly radio show.

1944 – “The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet” debuted on CBS radio.

1945 – US inventory Percy Spencer patented the microwave oven.

1956 – The New York Yankees’s Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series.

1958 – In Stockholm, Sweden, Dr. Ake Senning installed the first pacemaker.

1964 – Ringo Starr passed his driving test.

1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men were captured in Bolivia.

1971 – John Lennon released his megahit single “Imagine”.

1974 – Franklin National Bank collapsed due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.

1980 – After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging.  Doctors at Sloan-Kettering Hospital determined that his cancer has spread to his brain, lungs, and liver.

1982 – After its London premiere, Cats opened on Broadway and ran for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.

1985 – Little Richard was seriously injured in a car accident following the taping of a guest spot on Miami Vice. He accidentally crashed his sports car into a telephone pole in West Hollywood, California. He suffered a broken right leg, broken ribs and head and facial injuries.

1992 – The video game Mortal Kombat was first released as a 2D fighting game by Midway Games.

1998 – US House of Representatives voted to begin impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton on charges of lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky.

2001 – A twin engine Cessna and a Scandinavian Airlines System jetliner collided in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy, killing 118 people.

2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announced the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.

2004 – Martha Stewart began a 5 month incarceration at Federal Prison Camp, Alderson for insider trading and obstruction of justice.

2012 – Film “Lincoln” directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Daniel Day-Lewis, base on the biography by Doris Kearns Goodwin, premiered.

2014 – Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person in the United States to be diagnosed with Ebola, died.

2019 – FBI confirmed that Samuel Little is America’s most prolific serial killer after verifying more than half of his 93 confessed murders.

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