Today in History – November 3

1493 – Christopher Columbus first sighted the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.

1534 – English Parliament passed the first Act of Supremacy, which made King Henry VIII head of the Anglican Church, and supplanted the pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

1783 – The American Continental Army was disbanded.

1793 – French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges was guillotined.

1796 – John Adams was elected second president of the United States of America.

1812 – Napoleon’s armies were defeated at the Battle of Vyazma.

1868 – John Willis Menard (R-Louisiana) was the first African American elected to the United States Congress. Because of an electoral challenge, he was never seated.

1868 – Ulysses S. Grant (R) won the US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D).

1883 – American Old West: Self-described “Black Bart the poet” got away with his last stagecoach robbery, but left an incriminating clue that eventually led to his capture.

1896 – William McKinley (R) defeated William Jennings Bryan (D) to be President of the United States.

1900 – First US automobile show opened at Madison Square Garden.

1908 – William Howard Taft was elected the 27th President of the United States.

1911 – Chevrolet officially entered the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.

1913 – The first modern elastic brassiere was patented by New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob.

1936 – Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected President of the United States.

1946 – The Constitution of Japan was adopted through Emperor’s assent.

1952 – Clarence Birdseye marketed frozen peas.

1956 – 1939 film “The Wizard of Oz” was televised for the first time.  It was hosted by Bert Lahr and 10 year old Liza Minnelli, as the finale of the Ford Star Jubilee series on CBS.

1957 – Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2. Onboard was the first animal to enter orbit, a dog named Laika.

1964 – Lyndon B. Johnson was elected to a full term as U.S. president, winning 61% of the vote and 44 states, while Washington D.C. residents were able to vote in a presidential election for the first time, casting the majority of their votes for Lyndon Johnson.

1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addressed the nation on television and radio and asked the “silent majority” to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.

1973 – Mariner program: NASA launched the Mariner 10 toward Mercury. On March 29, 1974, it became the first space probe to reach that planet.

1978 – First broadcast of “Different Strokes”.

1979 – Greensboro massacre: Five members of the Communist Workers Party were shot dead and seven were wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a “Death to the Klan” rally in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States.

1986 – Iran–Contra affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reported that the United States had been secretly selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.

1986 – John Lennon’s “Menlove Avenue” album was released posthumously.

1987 – Gordon Gould was issued US patent US4704583 for the laser, ending his 30-year battle to be credited as the inventor of the laser.

1988 – Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera’s nose was broken as Roy Innis brawls with skinheads at TV taping.

1992 – Democratic Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton defeated Republican President George H. W. Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot in the 1992 U.S. presidential election.

2014 – One World Trade Center officially opened. It is the replacement for the World Trade Center Twin Towers, in New York City, after the towers were each destroyed by airplanes during the September 11 attacks.

2019 – Olivia Newton-John’s black leather outfit from the film “Grease” sold for $405,700 at auction in Beverly Hills, California.

2020 – The US Presidential Election took place between Democratic Joe Biden and Republican incumbent President Donald Trump. On November 7, Biden was declared the winner.

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