Today in History: January 12

1792 – Federalist Thomas Pinckney was appointed as the first U.S. minister to Britain.

1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society was formed in London.

1915 – The United States House of Representatives rejected a proposal which would have required states to give women the right to vote.

1916 – Both Oswald Boelcke and Max Immelmann received the German Empire’s highest military award, the Pour le Mérite, the first German aviators to earn it, for eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft.

1932 – Hattie Caraway became the first woman elected to the United States Senate.

1939 Timely Comics, later renamed Marvel, was founded by American publisher Martin Goodman in New York.

1942 – World War II: United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.

1956 – The FBI arrested 6 members of the Great Brink’s robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations ran out.

1959 – American record company Motown was founded by Berry Gordy Jr. as Tamla Records.

1962 – Vietnam War: Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, took place.

1962 – Operation Ranch Hand began, a US Air Force operation to spray South Vietnamese forests with defoliants such as Agent Orange.

1963 – “Go Away Little Girl” by Steve Lawrence peaked at #1.

1966 – Lyndon B. Johnson stated that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression ended.

1966 – “Batman”, starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Cesar Romero as The Joker, debuted on ABC.

1967 – NBC premierd the colorized remake of “Dragnet”.

1967 – Dr. James Bedford became the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.

1967 – The Louisville, Kentucky, draft board refused exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali.

1968 – Beatles Film Production Ltd changed name to Apple Film Production Ltd.

1969 – The debut album of Led Zeppelin was released in the US.

1969 – The New York Jets of the American Football League defeated the Baltimore Colts of the National Football League and won Super Bowl III in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history.

1971 – “All in the Family” premiered on CBS.  It featured the first toilet flush on TV.

1971 – The Harrisburg Seven: Rev. Philip Berrigan and five other activists were indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.

1974 – “Joker” by Steve Miller Band peaked at #1.

1976 – The United Nations Security Council voted 11–1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).

1979 Los Angeles’s Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, was arrested in Bellingham, Washington.

1981 – The soap opera “Dynasty”, produced by Aaron Spelling and starring John Forsythe, Linda Evans and Joan Collins, premiered on ABC.

1986 – Space Shuttle program: Congressman Bill Nelson lifted off from Kennedy Space Center aboard Columbia on mission STS-61-C as a payload specialist.

1991 – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorized the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.

1992 – Highest scoring NCAA basketball game; Troy State Trojans defeated DeVry Hoyas 258-149 in Troy, Alabama.

1993 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted Ruth Brown; Cream; Creedence Clearwater Revival; The Doors; Etta James; Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers; Van Morrison; Sly and the Family Stone; Dinah Washington; Dick Clark; and Milt Gabler

1994 – Malcolm X’s daughter was arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham’s murder.

1995 – Murder trial against O.J. Simpson began in Los Angeles.

1995 – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted The Allman Brothers Band; Al Green; Janis Joplin; Led Zeppelin; Martha and the Vandellas; Neil Young; Frank Zappa; The Orioles; Paul Ackerman.

1997 – Space Shuttle program: Atlantis launched from the Kennedy Space Center on mission STS-81 to the Russian space station Mir, and carried astronaut Jerry M. Linenger for a four-month stay on board the station.

1998 – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted The Eagles; Fleetwood Mac; Mamas and Papas; Lloyd Price; Santana; Gene Vincent; “Jelly Roll” Morton; and Allen Toussaint.

1998 – Nineteen European nations agreed to forbid human cloning.

2001 – Downtown Disney opened to the public as part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California.

2004 – The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.

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