868 – A copy of the Diamond Sutra was printed in China, making it the oldest known dated printed book.
1792 – Robert Gray commanded the first expedition to sail into the Columbia River.
1846 – President James K. Polk asked for a Declaration of War against Mexico, and started the Mexican–American War.
1858 – Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state of the United States.
1864 – Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart was mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern.
1880 – Seven people were killed in the Mussel Slough Tragedy, a gun battle in California.
1889 – An attack upon a U.S. Army paymaster and escort resulted in the theft of over $28,000 and the award of two Medals of Honor.
1894 – Four thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers went on a wildcat strike.
1910 – An act of the U.S. Congress established Glacier National Park in Montana.
1927 – Louis B. Mayer formed the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
1928 – General Electric opened the first TV station (Schenectady, NY).
1929 – First regularly scheduled TV broadcasts began (3 nights per week).
1943 – World War II: American troops invaded Attu Island in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill was hit by two kamikazes.
1947 – BF Goodrich announced the development of the tubeless tire (Akron Ohio).
1956 – Elvis Presley’s first entry on UK charts with “Heartbreak Hotel”.
1963 – Racist bombings in Birmingham, Alabama, disrupted nonviolence in the Birmingham campaign and precipitated a crisis involving federal troops.
1963 – “Puff (The Magic Dragon)” by Peter, Paul & Mary hit #2 in the charts.
1965 – Ellis Island was added to Statue of Liberty National monument.
1967 – 100,000,000th US phone was connected.
1968 – Richard Harris released “MacArthur Park”. Harris played Dumbledore in the first two Harry Potter films.
1970 – The 1970 Lubbock tornado killed 26 and caused $250 million in damage.
1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” was the Beatles’ last American single release.
1972 – John Lennon said his phone was tapped by FBI on “The Dick Cavett Show”.
1973 – Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg’s charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times were dismissed.
1974 – Steely Dan released “Rikki Don’t Lose That Number”.
1981 – Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical “Cats” (based on poetry by T. S. Eliot) directed by Trevor Nunn, first premiered in the West End, London.
1985 – Madonna’s “Crazy For You” single reached #1.
1987 – Klaus Barbie went on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II.
1996 – After the aircraft’s departure from Miami, a fire started by improperly handled chemical oxygen generators in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Airlines Flight 592 caused the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 on board.
1997 – Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeated Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player in a classic match format.
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