Today in History – July 13

587 BC – Babylon’s siege of Jerusalem ended following the destruction of Solomon’s Temple.

1787 – The Continental Congress enacted the Northwest Ordinance which established governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also established procedures for the admission of new states and limited the expansion of slavery.

1793 – Journalist and French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat was assassinated in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday, a member of the opposing political faction.

1863 – New York City draft riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription began three days of rioting which are regarded as the worst in United States history.

1919 – The British airship R34 landed in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.

1939 – Frank Sinatra made his recording debut with the Harry James band with the songs “Melancholy Mood” and “From the Bottom of My Heart.”

1956 – The Dartmouth workshop was the first conference on artificial intelligence.

1956 – Elvis Presley’s single “Don’t Be Cruel” / “Hound Dog” was released.

1959 – The Shirelles’ “Dedicated To The One I Love” was released.

1964 – The Supremes made the studio recording of “Come See About Me.”

1973 – Watergate scandal: Alexander Butterfield revealed the existence of a secret Oval Office taping system to investigators for the Senate Watergate Committee.

1977 – New York City: Amidst a period of financial and social turmoil experienced an electrical blackout which lasted nearly 24 hours that led to widespread fires and looting.

1985 – The Live Aid benefit concert took place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Moscow and Sydney.  George Michael sang lead vocals to Elton John’s performance of “Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me” at the Live Aid Concert. Andrew Ridgeley was also on stage and performed background vocals.

1985 – Vice President George H. W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.

2000 – James Brown was accused of swinging a knife at a utility worker and holding the man against his will. The event was supposed to have happened on July 3, 2000, when Russel Eubanks responded to a “no lights” report.

2020 – After a five-day search, the body of American actress and singer Naya Rivera was recovered from Lake Piru, where she drowned in California.

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