1492 – Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
1527 – The first known letter from North America was sent by John Rut while at St. John’s, Newfoundland.
1678 – Robert LaSalle built the Le Griffon, the first known ship built on the Great Lakes.
1795 – Treaty of Greenville was signed which ended the Northwest Indian War in the Ohio Country.
1829 – The Treaty of Lewistown was signed by the Shawnee and Seneca peoples, exchanging land in Ohio for land west of the Mississippi River.
1852 – Harvard University won the first Boat Race between Yale University and Harvard. The race was also known as the first ever American intercollegiate athletic event.
1859 – The American Dental Association was founded in Niagara Falls, New York.
1900 – The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company was founded.
1907 – Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis fined Standard Oil of Indiana a record $29.4 million for illegal rebating to freight carriers; the conviction and fine were later reversed on appeal.
1914 – World War I: Germany declared war against France, while Romania declared its neutrality.
1921 – Major League Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis confirmed the ban of the eight Chicago Black Sox, the day after they were acquitted by a Chicago court.
1936 – Jesse Owens won the 100 meter dash, and defeated Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics.
1946 – Santa Claus Land, the world’s first themed amusement park, opened in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States.
1948 – Whittaker Chambers accused Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union.
1949 – The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League finalized the merger that created the National Basketball Association.
1958 – The world’s first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, became the first vessel to complete a submerged transit of the geographical North Pole.
1963 – The Beatles made their final appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool. They had performed nearly 300 shows at the club since 1961.
1963 – Allan Sherman released “Hello Muddah, Hello Fadda.”
1969 – Carl Wilson (Beach Boys) was indicted for failure to report for civilian duty in lieu of serving two years in the army.
1971 – Paul McCartney announced the formation of his new band Wings.
1972 – The United States Senate ratified the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
1977 – Tandy Corporation announced the TRS-80, one of the world’s first mass-produced personal computers.
1987 – Def Leppard released their album “Hysteria.”
1997 – The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opened after two-and-a-half years of construction.
1999 – Patsy Cline received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2004 – The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopened after being closed since the September 11 attacks.
2019 – Twenty-three people were killed and 23 injured in a shooting in El Paso, Texas.
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