Today in History – September 14

1741 – George Frideric Handel completed his oratorio Messiah.

1752 – The British Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).

1763 – Seneca warriors defeated British forces at the Battle of Devil’s Hole during Pontiac’s War.

1782 – American Revolutionary War: Review of the French troops under General Rochambeau by General George Washington at Verplanck’s Point, New York.

1814 – Battle of Baltimore: The poem Defence of Fort McHenry was written by Francis Scott Key. The poem was later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.

1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, was fought.

1901 – U.S. President William McKinley died after being mortally wounded on September 6 by anarchist Leon Czolgosz and was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.

1927 – Gene Austin recorded “My Blue Heaven.”

1954 – In a top secret nuclear test, a Soviet Tu-4 bomber dropped a 40 kiloton atomic weapon just north of Totskoye village.

1958 – The first two German post-war rockets, designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, reached the upper atmosphere.

1968 – The Archies premiered on CBS. The cartoon was based on the comic book series.

1969 – Genesis played their first gig for money in Surrey, England. It was at a cottage owned by a Sunday school teacher.

1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, was canonized by Pope Paul VI.

1979 – Kenny Rogers received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1981 – Pink Floyd’s movie The Wall began production.

1984 – Joe Kittinger became the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.

1984 – The MTV Awards were held for the first time. Bette Midler and Dan Aykroyd co-hosted the show.

1989 – The Standard Gravure shooting where Joseph T. Wesbecker, a 47-year-old pressman, killed eight people and injured 12 people at his former workplace, Standard Gravure, before committing suicide.

1994 – The Major League Baseball season was canceled because of a strike.

1994 – The Temptations receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1995 – Earth, Wind and Fire received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1995 – Hand written lyrics for “Getting Better” by Paul McCartney sold for $249,000 at a Sotheby’s auction.

1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom completed their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.

1998 – Metallica began recording the album Garage Inc.

2000 – Microsoft released Windows Me.

2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service was held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.

2010 – George Michael was sentenced to eight weeks in jail after he plead guilty to driving under the influence and drug possession. The incident occurred on July 4 when he crashed his car into a store.

2015 – The first observation of gravitational waves was made, announced by the LIGO and Virgo collaborations on 11 February 2016.


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