Today in History: October 7

1691 – The charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay was issued.

1763 – King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 which closed Indigenous lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlements.

1777 – American Revolutionary War: The Americans defeated the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights.

1780 – American Revolutionary War: American militia defeated royalist irregulars led by British major Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.

1826 – The Granite Railway began operations as the first chartered railway in the U.S.

1864 – American Civil War: A US Navy ship captured a Confederate raider in a Brazilian seaport.

1868 – Cornell University held opening day ceremonies; initial student enrollment was 412, the highest at any American university to that date.

1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Léon Gambetta escaped the siege of Paris in a hot-air balloon.

1913 – Ford Motor Company introduced the first moving vehicle assembly line.

1916 – Georgia Tech defeated Cumberland University 222–0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.

1919 – KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, was founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.

1940 – World War II: The McCollum memo proposed bringing the United States into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.

1944 – World War II: During an uprising at Birkenau concentration camp, Jewish prisoners burned down Crematorium IV.

1950 – Mother Teresa established the Missionaries of Charity.

1950 – The Frank Sinatra Show debuted.

1957 – RCA Victor announced that they had already received 500,000 advance orders for Elvis’ Christmas album.

1958 – The U.S. manned space-flight project was renamed Project Mercury.

1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 3 transmitted the first-ever photographs of the far side of the Moon.

1963 – President John F. Kennedy signed the ratification of the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

1963 – Buddhist crisis: Amid worsening relations, outspoken South Vietnamese First Lady Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu arrived in the US for a speaking tour, continuing a flurry of attacks on the Kennedy administration.

1963 -The Beach Boys album Little Deuce Coupe was released.

1964 – The Beatles appeared on Shindig! The show was taped in London and included the songs “I’m a Loser,” “Kansas City,” and “Boys.”

1967 – Due to a dispute over a hotel bill Cass Elliot spent the night in a London jail.

1967 – The Beatles refuse an offer to play Shea Stadium for $1 million.

1982 – The musical Cats opened at the Wintergarden Theatre. In 1997 the show became the longest running show in Broadway history.

1985 – The Mameyes landslide killed almost 200 people in Puerto Rico.

1986 – Run D.M.C. spoke and performed for 4,000 children in New York at an anti-crack rally.

1988 – A hunter discovered three gray whales trapped under the ice near Alaska; the situation became a multinational effort to free the whales.

1989 – Jefferson Airplane charges a can of food for admission to a concert.

1993 – The flood of ’93 ended at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began, as the Mississippi River fell below flood stage.

1996 – Fox News Channel began broadcasting.

1998 – Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, was found tied to a fence after being savagely beaten by two young adults in Laramie, Wyoming. He died five days later.

2001 – The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan began with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.

2002 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis launched on STS-112 to continue assembly of the International Space Station.

2008 – Asteroid 2008 TC3 impacted the Earth over Sudan, the first time an asteroid impact was detected prior to its entry into earth’s atmosphere.

To report an issue or typo with this article – CLICK HERE

Leave a Reply Cancel reply