585 BC – A solar eclipse occured, as predicted by the Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares in the Battle of Halys, which led to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
1431 – Joan of Arc was accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, which provided justification for her execution.
1533 – The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, declared the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn valid.
1742 – First indoor swimming pool opened (Goodman’s Fields, London).
1754 – French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under the 22-year-old Lieutenant colonel George Washington defeated a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1802 – In Guadeloupe, 400 rebellious slaves, led by Louis Delgrès, blew themselves up rather than submitting to Napoleon’s troops.
1830 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act which denied Native Americans their land rights and forcibly relocated them.
1889 – Édouard and André Michelin incorporated the Michelin tire company.
1923 – US Attorney General said it was legal for women to wear trousers anywhere.
1928 – Dodge Brothers Inc. and Chrysler Corporation merged.
1929 – The first all color talking picture “On With the Show” was exhibited (New York City).
1937 – Volkswagen, the German automobile manufacturer was founded.
1937 – Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opened to vehicular traffic.
1971 – Paul McCartney released his second solo album “Ram”.
1972 – White House “plumbers” first broke in at the Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C.
1977 – In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club was engulfed in fire, which killed 165 people inside.
1987 – A West German pilot, Mathias Rust, who was 18 years old, evaded Soviet Union air defenses and landed a private plane in the Red Square in Moscow, Russia.
1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton’s former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, Jim McDougal and Susan McDougal, and the Governor of Arkansas Jim Guy Tucker, were convicted of fraud.
1999 – In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece “The Last Supper” was put back on display.
2002 – The last steel girder was removed from the original World Trade Center site. Cleanup duties officially ended with closing ceremonies at Ground Zero in Manhattan, New York City.
2018 – Coca-Cola launched its first alcoholic drink, Lemon-Do, on island of Kyushu, Japan.
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