1170 – The Kingdom of Dublin fell to Norman invaders.
1745 – A Hanoverian army was defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
1776 – Part of New York City was burned shortly after being occupied by British forces.
1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gave the British the plans to West Point.
1792 – French Revolution: The National Convention abolished the monarchy.
1809 – British Secretary of War Lord Castlereagh and Foreign Secretary George Canning met in a duel on Putney Heath, with Castlereagh wounding Canning in the thigh.
1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 made landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll was estimated at 500–700 people.
1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu was assassinated by the Iron Guard.
1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis sent over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaitsi to Bełżec extermination camp.
1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murdered 2,588 Jews.
1942 – The Holocaust in Poland: At the end of Yom Kippur, Germans ordered Jews to permanently move from Konstantynów to Biała Podlaska.
1942 – The Boeing B-29 Superfortress made its maiden flight.
1953 – Lieutenant No Kum-sok, a North Korean pilot, defected to South Korea with his jet fighter.
1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s fastest bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
1968 – “All Along the Watchtower” was released by Jimi Hendrix.
1972 – The first episode of ABC-TV’s In Concert was taped at Hofstra University. Alice Cooper, Bo Diddley and Seals & Croft appeared in the first episode. It was aired November 24.
1974 – BTO released “You Ain’t Seen Nothin’ Yet.”
1976 – Orlando Letelier was assassinated in Washington, D.C because had been a member of the former Chilean Marxist government.
1976 – The 20th album by the Bee Gees, Children of the World, was released.
1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor was unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.
1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin triggered a constitutional crisis when he suspended parliament and scrapped the constitution.
1993 – Nirvana’s album In Utero was released.
1996 – The Defense of Marriage Act was passed by the United States Congress. It defined marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states.
1996 – Hank Williams III, at 23 years old, made his Grand Ole Opry debut.
1997 – St. Olaf’s Church, a stone church from the 16th century in Tyrvää, Finland, was burned down by a burglar.
2001 – America: A Tribute to Heroes was broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, and raised over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks.
2001 – Ross Parker was murdered in Peterborough, England, by a gang of ten British Pakistani youths.
2003 – The Galileo spacecraft was terminated by sending it into Jupiter’s atmosphere.
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